Zeskanuj, aby wesprzeć Bazylikę

spark-qr mobile

Przekaż ofiarę dla Bazyliki Mariackiej
w Krakowie z użyciem aplikacji Spark

Nie masz aplikacji? Wejdź na spark.pl

Przekaż ofiarę dla Bazyliki Mariackiej
w Krakowie z użyciem aplikacji Spark


lub na 70 1240 1431 1111 0000 1045 5360 (numer konta parafii)

Aplikacja dostępna dla platformy

History of the Basilica

After the Wawel Cathedral, St. Mary’s Basilica is the most important church in Kraków.

The con­struc­tion of St. Mary’s Basi­li­ca was star­ted in late 13th cen­tu­ry on the foun­da­tions of a for­mer Roma­ne­sque church. The new tem­ple St. Mary­’s was con­se­cra­ted aro­und the year 1320. Over the cen­tu­ries, the church under­went nume­ro­us recon­struc­tions of both its exte­rior and interior.

The exten­ded sin­gle-aisle pres­by­te­ry under a stel­lar vault was built in late 14th cen­tu­ry. The light comes insi­de thro­ugh the high sta­ined glass win­dows. Only three win­dows have been pre­se­rved from the ori­gi­nal medie­val sta­ined glass. The rest is from the 19th cen­tu­ry and was cre­ated by indi­vi­du­als such as Sta­ni­sław Wyspiań­ski and Józef Mehoffer.

In the 16th cen­tu­ry, stalls under cano­pies were set up on both sides the pres­by­te­ry, which was equ­ip­ped with back­bo­ards with ima­ges from the lives of Jesus Christ and the Vir­gin Mary in the fol­lo­wing century.

The years 1477–1489 bro­ught the main altar to the church. It was sculp­ted by Veit Stoss and is con­si­de­red a late Gothic masterpiece.

In late 14th cen­tu­ry, the church assu­med the form of a Basi­li­ca with the main aisle tal­ler than the side aisles and the body under a rib vault.

The 18th cen­tu­ry saw the church equ­ip­ped with Baro­que aesthe­tics. The work was super­vi­sed by Fran­ce­sco Pla­ci­di, who cre­ated the Baro­que gali­lee leading to the church in mid-18th cen­tu­ry. The mul­ti­si­ded archi­tec­tu­ral form crow­ned with an open­work tower imi­ta­tes the Church of the Holy Sepul­chre in Jeru­sa­lem. The wooden door of the gali­lee is deco­ra­ted with sculp­ted heads of pro­phets, apo­stles, and Polish saints, which were cre­ated in 1929 by Karol Hukan.

The church ceme­te­ry was decon­struc­ted in ear­ly 19th cen­tu­ry and its for­mer gro­unds are now known as St. Mary’s Square.

In late 19th cen­tu­ry, Tade­usz Stry­jeń­ski headed exten­si­ve resto­ra­tion of the tem­ple. At that time, the church acqu­ired new pain­ted deco­ra­tions desi­gned by Jan Matej­ko and cre­ated by Sta­ni­sław Wyspiań­ski, Józef Mehof­fer, and others. The vault imi­ta­tes a star-fil­led sky and the walls are cove­red by pain­tings with orna­men­tal and heral­dic the­mes, pray­ers to St. Mary, and ima­ges of angels play­ing instru­ments or hol­ding ban­de­rols with the Lita­ny of the Bles­sed Vir­gin Mary.


Wir­tu­al­ny spacer