St. Mary’s bells

The shorter tower of St. Mary’s holds four liturgical bells, which compose one of the biggest and oldest groups of medieval bells in Poland.

The oldest bell, which rings in G sharp and has the dia­me­ter of 105 cm, is from the turn of the 13th and 14th cen­tu­ries.

The next two bells were cast in the years 1386–1390 by Jan Wey­gel of Spi­šská Nová Ves. They are the Misjo­nał in F sharp with dia­me­ter of 136 cm and the Tene­brat in D sharp with dia­me­ter of 175 cm, with inscrip­tions refer­ring to the Vir­gin Mary.

The big­gest bell is cal­led the Pół­zyg­munt, which rings in C sharp 40, has the dia­me­ter of 180 cm, dates back to 1438, and was made by Jan Freu­den­tal. It was built thanks to the col­lec­ti­ve magna­tes’ foun­da­tion, which is evi­den­ced in the coats of arms deco­ra­ting it. The bell’s inscrip­tions refer to the Vir­gin Mary.

The last bell, the Dul­ci­mer, was cast in 1564. It was once syn­chro­ni­sed with the clock on the tower and the bugler had to manu­al­ly pull the rope to ring it.